The law and ethics of selling citizenship

Ayelet Shachar (FRSC) is Professor of Law, Political Science, and Global Affairs, and the holder of the R.F. Harney Chair in Ethnic, Immigration and Pluralism Studies at the University of Toronto, where she directs the Harney Program at the Munk School of Global Affairs & Public Policy. Shachar has published extensively on the topics of citizenship theory, immigration law, cultural diversity and gender equality, new bordering regimes, highly skilled migration and global inequality, and the marketization of citizenship. Her research is motivated by the need to develop new legal principles to address some of the most pressing issues of our time: how to live together in diverse societies, how to grant rights to those who lack formal access to membership, and how to tame the ever-expanding reach of borders and migration control in a world of persistent inequality.

Odile Ammann is a postdoctoral researcher and lecturer in public law at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, where she is currently working on a monograph on the constitutional foundations of parliamentary lobby regulation in Europe and in the United States. She is the author of Domestic Courts and the Interpretation of International Law: Methods and Reasoning Based on the Swiss Example (Brill 2019). Odile Ammann holds a PhD in law from the University of Fribourg, Switzerland (2017), and an LLM from Harvard Law School (2016). She has completed various research stays, including at the University of Oxford in 2016-2017. Her main fields of research are public international law, EU law, comparative constitutional law, and legal theory. Her recent publications focus on topics such as lobbying and corruption, the relationship between legal scholarship and politics, and meritocratic discourse in citizenship law.

COMPAS Hilary 2021 Seminar Series

Thursdays at 4pm (Weeks 2, 4, 6 and 8) on Zoom. 

Citizenship by Investment: Law, policy, and sociology

Convened by: Madeleine Sumption & Dimitry Kochenov

Over the past 15 years, a growing number of countries have offered residence or citizenship in return for a financial investment or even just a payment. While residence by investment programmes have been common for many years in high-income countries, the recent development of citizenship by investment (CBI) programmes in the European Union—and particularly in Malta—has attracted much controversy. This seminar series takes a multi-disciplinary approach to examine the implications and impacts of citizenship by investment, bringing together scholars from law, sociology, politics and history.

Further readings on each of the seminar topics can be found here.

Registration is free but recommended; all are welcome. To register click this link:

When you click the link above will be taken to a page where you can choose which individual seminars you wish to join. After completing registration, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the seminars. Please note that the seminars will be recorded. For any questions about the seminar series, please email