Joint Oxford – Tokyo UBVO Workshop: Physical Activity, Urbanism and Health
Meeting ID: 836 2093 3022
Physical activity and the built environment
Led by Stanley Ulijaszek, University of Oxford
Physical activity in the built environment of high income countries may be changing faster than at any time prior to the 2000s, with the engagement of social media, smart devices and increasing urban smartness that has come with the Internet of Things. In this presentation, some of the most important features of built environments that have facilitated physical activity between the 1980s and 2000s are explored, most importantly walkability and active transport with bicycles, but also use of smart devices and increasing incorporation of smartness and performativity into architecture and urban planning. Finally, the structure of cities is important for performance of physical activity. How size and centrality relate to obesity are also considered.
Physical activity of women and children in Japan
Led by Mayumi Kuno-Mizumura, Ochanomizu University
Inactivity is a common global health issue, with the World Health Organization setting its global target to reduce physical inactivity by 10% by 2025 and by 15% by 2030. WHO published Guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep for children under 5 years of age in 2019. With the recent pandemic of COVID19, physical inactivity has become more pronounced. In Japan, changes in physical activity patterns of women and children since the pandemic are not well-documented. In this presentation, recent patterns of physical activity of Japanese women and Japanese children living in Tokyo are reported. Factors related to women's physical activity and small children's physical activity are discussed, as well as relationships between physical activity and physical fitness in children.