Dr René Bobe

Research Interests

Dr René Bobe studies the ecological and environmental context of early hominins in Africa, and the relationship between climatic change and evolutionary processes. His current field projects include work in the Afar Triangle (Ethiopia), the lower Omo Valley (Ethiopia), and the Lake Turkana Basin (Kenya). Bobe studies fossil mammals from these regions to establish a long-term record of evolutionary and ecological change in eastern Africa during the last several million years. In parallel to his work in eastern Africa, Dr Bobe is establishing a new research project in the Andes of Patagonia, where he studies the origins and evolution of platyrrhine primates and other South American mammals.

Selected Publications

Book

Bobe, R., Alemseged, Z., Behrensmeyer, A.K. (Editors) (2007). Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene: An Assessment of the Faunal Evidence. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology Series. Springer, Dordrecht. 354 pp.

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Geraads, D., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., Reed, D. (2015). Pliocene Carnivora (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation at Dikika, Lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 107, 28-36.

Hockings, K., McLennan, M., Carvalho, S., Ancrenaz, M., Bobe, R., Byrne, R., Dunbar, R., Matsuzawa, T., McGrew, W., Williamson, E., Wilson, M., Wood, B., Wrangham, R., Hill, C. (2015). Apes in the Anthropocene: adaptation and survival. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30(4), 215-222.

Caruana, M., Carvalho, S., Braun, D., Presnyakova, D., Haslam, M., Archer, W., Bobe, R., Harris, J. (2014). Quantifying traces of tool use: a novel morphometric analysis of damage patterns on percussive tools. PLoS ONE. 9(11): e113856. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0113856.

Drapeau, M., Bobe, R., Wynn, J. , Campisano, C., Geraads, D., Dumouchel, L. (2014). The Mursi Formation reconsidered: a window into the East African Pliocene. Journal of Human Evolution, 75, 64-79.

Patterson, D., Faith, T., Bobe, R., Wood, B. (2014). Regional diversity patterns in African bovids, hyaenids, and felids during the past 3 million years: the role of taphonomic bias and implications for the evolution of Paranthropus. Quaternary Science Reviews, 96, 9-22.

Geraads, D., Bobe, R., Manthi, F.K. (2013). New ruminants (Mammalia) from the Pliocene of Kanapoi, Kenya, and a revision of previous collections, with a note on the Suidae. Journal of African Earth Sciences 85, 53-61.

Geraads, D., Reed, K., Bobe, R. (2013). Pliocene Giraffidae (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation of Hadar and Ledi-Geraru, Lower Awash, Ethiopia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(2), 470-281.

Geraads, D., Bobe, R., Reed, K. (2012). Pliocene Bovidae (Mammalia) from the Hadar Formation of Hadar and Ledi-Geraru, Lower Awash, Ethiopia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32(1), 180-197.

Bobe, R. (2011). Fossil mammals and paleoenvironments in the Omo-Turkana Basin. Evolutionary Anthropology, 20(6), 254-263.

Bobe, R., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Leakey, M., Mbua, E. (2011). The Turkana Database: An archive of vertebrate evolution in East Africa. Evolutionary Anthropology, 20(6), 256.

Levin, N., Brown, F., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Bobe, R. Cerling, T. (2011). Paleosol carbonates from the Omo Group: isotopic records of local and regional environmental change in East Africa. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 307, 75-89.

McPherron, S., Alemseged, Z., Marean, C., Wynn, J.G., Reed, D., Geraads, D., Bobe, R., Béarat, H. (2011). Tool-marked bones from before the Oldowan change the paradigm. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(21), E116.

Geraads, D., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., Reed, D. (2011). <tt>Enhydriodon dikikae, sp. nov. (Carnivora: Mammalia), a gigantic otter from the Pliocene of Dikika, Lower Awash, Ethiopia</tt>. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 31(2), 447-453. (March)

McPherron, S., Alemseged, Z., Marean, C., Wynn, J.G., Reed, D., Geraads, D., Bobe, R., Béarat, H. (2010). Evidence for stone-tool-assisted consumption of animal tissues before 3.39 million years ago at Dikika, Ethiopia. Nature 466, 857-860.

Geraads, D., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., Reed, D. (2010). Nyctereutes lockwoodi, n. sp., a new canid (Carnivora: Mammalia) from the middle Pliocene of Dikika, Lower Awash, Ethiopia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30(3), 981-987. (May)

Bobe, R., Leakey, M.G. (2009). Ecology of Plio-Pleistocene mammals in the Omo-Turkana Basin and the emergence of Homo. In Grine, F.E., Fleagle, J.G., Leakey, R.E. (Editors), The first humans: origins of the genus Homo. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 173-184.

Benington, J.B., DiMichele, W., Badgley, C., Bambach, R., Barrett, P., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Bobe, R., Burnham, R., Daeschler, E., Van Dam, J., Eronen, J., Erwin, D., Finnegan, S., Holland, S., Hunt, G., Jablonski, D., Jackson, S., Jacobs, B., Kidwell, S., Koch, P., Kowalewski, M., Labandeira, C., Looy, C., Lyons, K., Novack-Gottshall, P., Potts, R., Roopnarine, P., Strömberg, C., Sues, H.-D., Wagner, P., Wilf, P., Wing, S. (2009). Critical issues of scale in paleoecology. Palaios 24(1), 1-4.

Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R. (2009). Diet in early hominin species: a paleoenvironmental perspective. In Hublin, J.J., Richards, M.P. (Editors), The evolution of hominid diets: integrating approaches to the study of Paleolithic subsistence. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 181-188.

Behrensmeyer, A.K., Bobe, R., Alemseged, Z. (2007). Approaches to the analysis of faunal change during the East African Pliocene. In Bobe, R., Alemseged, Z., Behrensmeyer, A.K. (Eds.), Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene: An Assessment of the Faunal Evidence. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 1-24.

Bobe, R., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Eck, G.G., Harris, J.M. (2007). Patterns of abundance and diversity in late Cenozoic bovids from the Turkana and Hadar Basins, Kenya and Ethiopia. In: Bobe, R., Alemseged, Z., Behrensmeyer, A.K. (Eds.), Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene: An Assessment of the Faunal Evidence. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 129-157.

Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., Geraads, D. (2007). Comparability of fossil data in relation to hominin paleoecology: a case study of the French and American collections from the Shungura Formation of Ethiopia. In: Bobe, R., Alemseged, Z., Behrensmeyer, A.K. (Eds.), Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene: An Assessment of the Faunal Evidence. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 159-181.

Behrensmeyer, A.K., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R. (2007). Finale and future: investigating faunal evidence for hominin paleoecology in East Africa. In Bobe, R., Alemseged, Z., Behrensmeyer, A.K. (Eds.), Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene: An Assessment of the Faunal Evidence. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 333-345.

Alemseged, Z., Spoor, F., Kimbel, W.H., Bobe, R., Geraads, D., Reed, D., Wynn, J.G. (2006). A juvenile early hominin skeleton from Dikika, Ethiopia. Nature 443, 296-301.

Wynn, J., Alemseged, Z., Bobe, R., Geraads, D., Reed, D., Roman, D. (2006). Geological and palaeontological context of a Pliocene juvenile hominin at Dikika, Ethiopia. Nature 443, 332-336.

Bobe, R. (2006). The evolution of arid ecosystems in eastern Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 66(3), 564-584.

Alemseged, Z., Wynn, J., Kimbel, W., Reed, D., Geraads, D., Bobe, R. (2005). A new hominin from the Basal Member of the Hadar Formation, Dikika, Ethiopia, and its geological context. Journal of Human Evolution 49, 499-514.

Bobe, R., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Carrasco, G. (2004). Paleoclima y evolución faunística en el Plio-Pleistoceno de África y América del Sur. Ameghiniana 41(4), 641-649.

DiMichele, W., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Olszewski, T., Labandeira, C., Pandolfi, J., Wing, S., Bobe, R. (2004). Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: evidence from the fossil record. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 35, 285-322.

Bobe, R., Behrensmeyer, A.K. (2004). The expansion of grassland ecosystems in Africa in relation to mammalian evolution and the origin of the genus Homo. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 207, 399-420. [Most requested article from Palaeo3 for the year 4/2004-3/2005]

Bobe, R., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Chapman, R.E., Eck, G.G. (2004). Evolución humana en valle del Omo (Etiopía): relación con cambios faunísticos y variaciones ambientales en el Plioceno terminal. Fundamental 3, 1-59.

Bobe, R., Behrensmeyer, A.K., Chapman, R.E. (2002). Faunal change, environmental variability and late Pliocene hominin evolution. Journal of Human Evolution 42(4), 475-497.

Bobe, R., Eck, G.G. (2001). Responses of African bovids to Pliocene climatic change. Paleobiology 27 supplement to No. 2. Paleobiology Memoirs 2, 1-47.

Kimbel, W., Walter, R., Johanson, D., Reed, K., Aronson, J., Assefa, Z., Marean, C., Eck, G., Bobe, R., Hovers, E., Rak, Y., Vondra, C., Yemane, T., York, D., Chen, Y., Evensen, N., Smith, P. (1996). Late Pliocene Homo and Oldowan tools from the Hadar Formation (Kada Hadar Member), Ethiopia. Journal of Human Evolution 31, 549-561.

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